Roseau is the capital and largest city of Dominica, and is one of the Windward Islands in the Lesser Antilles. It is located on the leeward side of the island and is one of the smallest capital cities in the world by population. Despite its small size, Roseau is a bustling city with a long and rich history. Here are 10 interesting facts about Roseau that you may not know.
1. The City Was Almost Destroyed By Hurricane Maria
In September 2017, Hurricane Maria ravaged Dominica, causing widespread damage and destruction across the island. The city of Roseau was hit particularly hard, with the hurricane’s winds tearing off roofs and toppling trees and power lines. In the aftermath of the storm, the city was left without power or running water, and many of its buildings were damaged or destroyed. Despite the devastation, the people of Roseau have worked hard to rebuild their city and it is now slowly returning to its pre-hurricane state.
2. It Was Once The Capital Of The French West Indies
Roseau was founded in 1665 by the French, who made it the capital of their portion of the island of Dominica. The city remained the capital of the French West Indies until 1763, when it was captured by the British during the Seven Years’ War. The British renamed the city Roseau, after the river that runs through it, and it has been the island’s capital ever since.
3. It’s The Only City In Dominica
Roseau is the only city on the island of Dominica and is home to about one third of the island’s population. The city is located on the southwest coast of the island and is situated at the mouth of the Roseau River.
4. Its Population Is Small But Diverse
The population of Roseau is just over 16,000, making it one of the smallest capital cities in the world. Despite its small size, the city is quite diverse, with people of African, European, Asian, and Caribbean descent making up its population.
5. It’s A Popular Cruise Ship Destination
Roseau is one of the most popular cruise ship destinations in the Caribbean, with over 200,000 cruise ship passengers visiting the city each year. The city’s port is located just a short walk from its downtown area, making it easy for visitors to explore all that Roseau has to offer.
6. It’s The Birthplace Of World-Famous Cricketer Viv Richards
Roseau is the birthplace of world-famous cricketer Viv Richards, who is widely considered to be one of the greatest batsmen of all time. Richards was born in the city in 1952 and played for the West Indies cricket team from 1974 to 1991. He is now a member of the International Cricket Council’s Hall of Fame.
7. Its Botanical Gardens Are A Must-See
The Botanical Gardens of Roseau are one of the city’s most popular tourist attractions. The gardens, which cover over four acres, feature a variety of native plants and flowers, as well as a pond and a fountain. The gardens are open to the public daily and are a great place to relax and enjoy the beauty of Dominica’s nature.
8. Its Beaches Are Perfect For Relaxing And Water Sports
Roseau is home to several beaches that are perfect for relaxing, swimming, and enjoying the incredible views. The city’s most popular beach is Douglas Bay, which is located just a short walk from downtown. Douglas Bay is also a popular spot for windsurfing and other water sports.
9. It’s Home To The Dominica State College
The Dominica State College is the island’s only tertiary institution and is located in Roseau. The college offers a variety of programs, including business, education, engineering, and nursing.
10. Its Carnival Is One Of The Most Popular In The Caribbean
Roseau‘s Carnival is one of the most popular and well-attended carnivals in the Caribbean. The carnival, which is held annually in February, features a parade, music, dancing, and costumes. The carnival is a great way to experience the culture and excitement of Roseau.
Roseau is a small but fascinating city with a long and rich history. It is the capital of Dominica and is home to a diverse population of people from all over the world. The city is a popular cruise ship destination and is also known as the birthplace of world-famous cricketer Viv Richards. If you’re looking for a fun and interesting place to visit, be sure to add Roseau to your list.